Jean-Luc Salanave, Le développementfulgurantdes énergies solaire, photovoltaïque etéolienne,en ce débutde XXIe siècle, nous faitaussi expérimenter leurs inconvénients.La technologie en solutionnera bon nombre,mais intermittence etencombrementdemeurerontdes défauts majeurs de ces deux sources d’énergie tantqu’il y aura des absences de soleil ou de vent,etque 10 milliards de terriens auront besoin de surfaces habitables,cultivables etde forêts. Conclusion Pour satisfaire ses besoins énergétiques,l’homme ne disposera de rien d’autre que des trois seules forces fondamentales que la nature metà sa disposition :la force électromagnétique (énergies chimiques,combustibles fossiles,biomasse,photovoltaïque,…),la gravitation (énergies hydraulique,éolienne,inertielle,potentielle …) et les forces nucléaires (radioactivité,fission,fusion).
Fritz Vahrenholt, PhD Chemistry: In 2012, Germany decided to close its nuclear plants, which were concentrated in the south. It reshaped the grid, building huge DC cables from north to south. The wind is more abundant in the north. A total of 6100 km of cable will have to be built by the time the last nuclear power stations shut in 2022. 400 km have been given the go-ahead and 80 km have been built, just 1.3% of the total. Due to opposition to these cables, plans have been torn up. The government now plans to build them underground, increasing the cost eight fold.
Geoffrey Rothwell, Ph.D. Economics, Principal Economist at OECD Nuclear Energy Agency: This book is a unique introduction to the economics and economic uncertainties of nuclear electricity generation. It examines nuclear power’s complex relationships among financial, operational and regulatory cost drivers. It does so as a research monograph and as a textbook by modelling and explaining one of the world’s most opaque technologies using microeconomics, statistics and cost engineering.
www.neweurope.eu: On August 17, 2016, Unit 4 of the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant with BN-800 fast neutron reactor, which should become the most powerful prototype of the commercial reactors of this type, started operating at 100% power for the first time. Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton took steps to stop fast breeder nuclear power with essential spent fuel reprocessing, Gen IV, in the United States. Fast breeder nuclear power has been stopped in France, the UK and Japan for reasons similar to those in the United States. Russia and China are pressing ahead with Gen III+ and Gen IV nuclear power plants in their countries and preparing to sell them to the world outside of North America and Europe. Who will be the winners and losers? Certainly not the anti-nuclear organizations, nor governments who tolerate them.
Bruno Comby, ingénieur nucléaire, nuclear engineer: L’EPR est le moyen de production d’électricité à la fois le plus puissant (1600 MW), le plus avancé (haute technologie), le plus écologique (pas de rejets atmosphériques, nécessitant le moins de matériaux de construction par kWh), le plus durable (60 à 80 ans), le plus performant au monde (production à pleine puissance plus de 90% du temps). The EPR is the means of electricity production more powerful (1600 MW) , most advanced ( high-tech ), most environmentally friendly ( no air emissions, requiring less per kWh construction materials), most durable ( 60-80 years), most efficient in the world (at full power output over 90% of the time).
Melanie Windridge, plasma physicist, fusion energy, Energy Industry Times - The promise of electricity generated from nuclear fusion is one that has always seemed too far in the future to be taken seriously. Tokamak Energy, however, believes the combination of two emerging technologies that together enable the construction of smaller, cheaper machines open up the way to commercialisation.
Melanie Windridge, Plasma Physicist, Science Educator, Mountain and Polar Explorer - Fusion power is one of the most appealing options for the future of energy supply at a time when our natural resources are dwindling. Melanie Windridge looks at what’s in store for the technology behind this potential source of sustainable power. Website: http://melaniewindridge.co.uk/
SONE, Supporters of Nuclear Energy has written a review of Wade Allison's book, "Nuclear Is For Life."The activity level 2,000 million years ago was more than twice what it is today. Homo sapiens appeared a mere 100,000 and 200,000 years ago and have always lived within a radioactive environment. Safety regulations based on As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) are not fit for purpose and are dangerous to the economy, the environment and to life and limb. A justifiable safety threshold should be set as high as to do no harm or As High As Relatively Safe (AHARS) rather than ALARA.
World Nuclear Association - Summary of Small nuclear power plants with many applications for the past, present and future.
Hubert Flocard is a retired director of research at the French basic science institute CNRS. In this article, he provides an overview of the main choices of nuclear power technology for the long term. Euan Mearns has hosted Hubert Flocard's article on his website: euanmearns.com and added a valuable introduction. John Droz has hosted Hubert Flocard and Euan Mearn's article on his website, https://www.masterresource.org/about/. This article has been read and commented on by many scientists and engineers.